Personal Independence Payment for Disabled People

Disability living allowance (DLA) is being replaced by personal independence payment (PIP) for disabled people aged between 16 and 64.

Personal independence payment (PIP) is a benefit for people who need help taking part in everyday life or who find it difficult to get around. It is replacing disability living allowance for people between the ages of 16 and 64 inclusive.

The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) are responsible for PIP and they will make the decision on your claim.

PIP is tax free and you do not need to have paid National Insurance contributions to get it. PIP is not affected by any earnings or other income you get. Nor is it affected by any capital or savings you have. You can get PIP whether you are in or out of work. It is almost always paid in full in addition to any other benefits or tax credits that you get. PIP is for you, not for a carer. You can get PIP whether or not you have someone helping you. What matters is the effect your disability or health condition has on you and the help you need, not whether you actually get that help. You can spend your PIP on anything you like. PIP acts as a ‘passport’ for other types of help, such as the Motability scheme


PIP comes in two parts:

  • a daily living component – for help taking part in everyday life;
  • a mobility component – for help with getting around.

You can be paid either the daily living component or the mobility component on its own, or both components at the same time.

Each component is paid at two different levels: a ‘standard rate’ and an ‘enhanced rate’. The rate you are paid depends on whether your ability to carry out daily living or mobility activities is ‘limited’ or ‘severely limited’. This is tested under the PIP assessment.

Qualifying conditions

To be entitled to PIP, you must meet all of the following ‘basic qualifying conditions’:

  • You must be aged 16-64 (inclusive) when you claim. You will not be able to claim PIP for the first time once you reach the age of 65, but you will be able to stay on PIP if you claimed it before you reached that age.
  • You must have been present in Great Britain (or Northern Ireland, if you live there) for two out of the last three years before claiming. If you are terminally ill, you only have to be present in Great Britain (or Northern Ireland) – you do not need to have been present for two out of the last three years.
  • You must be habitually resident (ie normally live) in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands, the Republic of Ireland or the Isle of Man.
  • You must not be subject to immigration control.

Disability conditions

In addition, you must meet both of the following ‘disability conditions’:

  • The daily living and/or mobility activities test (see Appendices B and C)
  • You must also have satisfied the daily living and/or mobility activities test for a ‘qualifying period’ of at least three months before you can be paid. You must also be likely to continue to satisfy whichever test applies for a period of at least nine months after that three-month period. These conditions will not, however, apply if you are terminally ill.

Click here to download the fact sheet where you can find information about.

  • Who is eligible?
  • Qualifying conditions
  • The PIP Assessment
  • How long will you get PIP for?
  • What to do if you are on DLA
  • How to claim PIP
  • Claiming PIP
  • Completing the ‘How your disability affects you’ form
  • The face-to-face consultation
  • The decision and what to do after if you are not happy with the decision